THE 3RS OF MANAGING SOLID WASTE: REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE. A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN COCA-COLA BOTTLING COMPANY IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL
The study on 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle in Maiduguri metropolitan council came up with aim to examine the effect of 3RS method on effective disposition of waste in Maiduguri metropolitan council, to determine the relationship between waste management and environmental pollution and to investigate on the problems associated with waste management in Nigeria. The study discussed other related research on 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle. The study adopted the method of survey (primary data) to seek responses from the respondents of a population of about 100 with a sample size of 40. The study used the Pearson correlation method to validate the hypothesis. Proper recommendations were made to improve on the management of solid waste.
There have been a significant improvement in the management of waste; especially the solid waste in Nigeria with improved level of technology in the management of solid waste.
According to (Gilpin, 1976) stated that solid waste are materials of solid or semi solid character that the possessor no longer considers of sufficient value to retain. In the same vein the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (2007) also defined solid wastes in simple words as any discarded (abandoned or considered waste-like) materials. Waste are of different types; there are municipal waste (including household and commercial waste), industrial waste (including manufacturing), hazardous waste, construction and demolition waste, mining waste, waste from electrical and electronic equipments, biodegradable municipal waste, packaging waste, and agricultural waste. Solid wastes can be solid, liquid, and semi-solid or containerized gaseous material. Also, there are various sources of waste: residential, industrial, commercial, institutional, construction and demolition waste; municipal services manufacturing process, agriculture. Municipal solid waste (MSW) is defined to include refuse from households, nonhazardous solid waste from industrial, commercial and institutional establishments (including hospitals), market waste, yard waste, and street sweepings.
According to Cointreau (1982) stated that MSW can be defined as non-air and sewage emissions created within and disposed of by a municipality, including household garbage, commercial refuse, construction and demolition debris, dead animals, and abandoned vehicles.
The solid waste management problem in Nigerian cities is becoming more alarming. It is evident that the volume and range of solid wastes generated daily in Nigeria has been increasing within the last few years.
This is mainly due to the high population growth, urbanization, industrialization and general economic growth (Ogwueleka, 2004). Cities are regarded as the most efficient agents of production (Hardoy, Mitlin and Satherthwaite, 2001).
This population increase compounds the problems of solid waste management. Worse still, government agencies responsible for managing solid wastes, especially in urban areas are either nonexistent or ineffective. The study wishes to examine the 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle using the Nigeria coca cola bottling company in Maiduguri metropolitan council as the case study.