POST TITLE: HOW TO WRITE A GOOD RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROJECTS
The research methodology has always acted as a middle man between the objectives of the study and the end result of a research project work. There are basically six types of research methodology in research project writing (undergraduate projects, dissertation/thesis or MSc); there are qualitative research, quantitative research, basic research, applied research, problem oriented research and problem solving research. I won’t waste much of your time, we will briefly discuss the most used research methodology in Nigeria which are the qualitative and the quantitative research methodologies.
This type of research methodology is based on numeral or figures. The research method uses information from primary source (questionnaires) and secondary source (newspaper, internet and bulletins) to get information from the respondents.
Quantitative research methodology is divided into headings:
- The introductory aspect
- The research design
- The study area
- The population of the study
- Selection of Sample/sample Techniques
- The source of data
- You validate your research instrument
- You check for the reliability of the instrument and
- The techniques for data analysis
You can see an example of this method below:
This chapter covers the description and discussion on the various techniques and procedures used in the study to collect and analyze the data as it is deemed appropriate
3.2 Research Design
For this study, the survey research design was adopted. The choice of the design was informed by the objectives of the study as outlined in chapter one. This research design provides a quickly efficient and accurate means of assessing information about a population of interest. Then you tell your audience what the research intend to achieve.
3.3 Study area
Here you tell your audience where you want to carry out your research project work
3.4 Population of the Study
This section, you tell your audience the population of the study area your research is based on.
3.5 Selection of Sample/sample Techniques
Just like I have explained in the article on how to determine a reliable sample size using taro Yamane formula; click the link below to know more on how to calculate sample size:
3.6 Sources of Data
Here you tell your audience where you got your data from; if you got your data from primary or secondary source.
3.7 Validity of Instrument
Here you validate your research instrument either though test or retest approach.
3.8 Reliability of Instrument
Here you simply tell your audience the reliability coefficient of your data because according to Etuk (1990), a test-retest coefficient of 0.5 will be enough to justify the use of a research instrument.
3.9 Techniques of Data Analysis
Here you simply tell your audience the method you will use in analyzing your data. Of course there are various methods you can use depending on your research hypothesis. It can be chi-square, correlation, ANOVA, MANOVA, ANCOVA etc.
The qualitative research methodology is a kind of non-quantitative research methodology. This methodology is not based on numerals or figure. It simply analyzes what people say. This kind of methodology uses metaphors, speech, pictures or symbols for describing things. Here the research project student uses interview to get information from the respondents for the subject matter. The qualitative is just like the quantitative but your analysis is based on words backing it up with empirical studies.